World Hypertension Day, celebrated with free BP checkup at DR KHANNA’S CLINICS at all three location in Dwarka. Dr AMITABH KHANNA, President INDIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION of dwarka also Chairman of PHYSICIAN FORUM of Dwarka said that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and hypertension is the most common, reversible risk factor for CVD. High blood pressure goes hand-in-hand with, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, overweight/ obesity and diabetes. In the United States alone, 7.2 crore people age 20 and older have high blood pressure. Of those with high blood pressure, nearly 30 percent are unaware that they have it, and in 65 percent the high BP is not under control. In India, this number is over 10 crore. Worldwide, an estimated 97.2 crore people had hypertension in the year 2000. By 2025, an estimated 156 crore people will have it. High blood pressure is easily detected and usually controllable. Normal blood pressure is systolic below 120 and diastolic below 80. Hypertension is systolic blood pressure at or above 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure at 90 mm Hg or higher.
“Prehypertension” is systolic pressure of 120-139 mm Hg, and/or diastolic pressure of 80-89 mm Hg. This is the point at which lifestyle changes are recommended to reduce blood pressure. There are dramatic benefits from small decreases in blood pressure, even in people without hypertension by current definitions.
1.Systolic increase in systolic blood pressure by 3-4 mm Hg would translate into a 20 percent higher stroke death rate and a 12 percent higher death rate from ischemic heart disease.
2.In patients with obesity, diabetes and hyperlipidemia, the impact of these small changes in blood pressure on CVD is even greater
3.Hypertension does not typically cause symptoms, that’s why it’s called the “silent killer”
4.There is a long lag period from the beginning of the problem to the time when patients are aware of the damage it has caused
5.Have your blood pressure checked routinely.
6.Live a healthy lifestyle to prevent hypertension.
7.Keep weight in a healthy range.
8.Be physically active.
9.Eat a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat and sodium.
11.Those who choose to drink; do so in moderate amounts (no more than an average of one drink a day for women or two for men).
11.If you already have high blood pressure, keep it controlled under a physician’s supervision