POLICE WATCH INDIA (Regd. NGO).
The Police reforms programme should aim to realise increased demand for and achievement of police accountability and reform throughout the Country.
The police reforms programme should target policy makers, police organisations, activists at the grassroots, civil society groups, the media and the general public to further the need for reform and the implementation of democratic policing. It should be achieved through a combination of advocacy, education, research and networking.
WHAT IS POLICE REFORM AND WHY DO WE NEED IT?
The existing police systems in India are a legacy of colonial rule that have been shaped by post-colonial histories. The consequences of poor policing include brutality and torture, extra-judicial executions, a lack of due process, impunity, corruption, bias and discrimination and public fear, anger and resentment.
Many Countries of the world have some inspiring examples of governments and police organisations working towards reform. Many police organisations all over the world have undergone varying degrees of modernisation and transformation. Impetus for reform has generally arisen out of public concern over rising crime or from incidents of police abuse or failure, accompanied by a willingness to learn and address changing times.
UNLESS & UNTIL THE ATTITUDE & MINDSET OF THE PERSON WHO IS A MEMBER OF THE POLICE FORCE IS NOT REFORMED AS A PERSON, POLICE REFORMS WILL ALWAYS REMAIN A UTOPIAN DREAM.
WHAT IS DEMOCRATIC POLICING?
Democratic nations need democratic policing, which gives practical meaning to the promise of democracy and good governance and is applicable to any context – rich or poor, large or small, diverse or homogenous.
Critical to the success of democratic policing is the principle that the police should be held accountable: not just by government, but by a wider network of agencies and organisations, working on behalf of the interests of the people, within a human rights framework.
Democratic policing is both a process and an outcome. The democratic values lay down a sound foundation for the development of democratic policing.
A DEMOCRATIC POLICE ORGANISATION IS ONE THAT IS:-
1. Accountable to the law and not a law unto itself.
2. Is accountable to democratic government structures and the community.
3. Is transparent in its activities.
4. Gives top operational priority to protecting the safety and rights of individuals and private groups.
5. Protects Human Rights of one & all, irrespective of sex, caste, creed, colour, religion, profession etc.
6. Is providing the society with professional services as a true professional.
7. Is representative of the community it serves & is capable of warding of Politicians & the Wealthy having vested interests, Etc.
AN EFFECTIVE MODEL OF POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY SHOULD INCLUDE MANDATORY SUPERVISION AND/OR CONTROL BY:-
Democratically elected representatives (in national parliaments if police are structured at the national level, in state legislatures if police are organized at the state level, and in local councils if policing is organized at the local level).
A Truly Independent Judiciary.
A responsible executive (through direct or indirect policy control over the police, financial control, and by other government agencies such as Police/Policing Auditors.
At least one independent statutory civilian body, such as Ombudsman or a Human Rights Organisation or, ideally a dedicated body that would deal with public complaints against the Police.
ANYBODY & EVERYBODY WHO IS/ARE REALLY KEEN ON POLICE REFORMS, SHOULD BEAR IN MIND THAT IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT THE ERRANT & CORRUPT POLICE PERSONNEL ARE EFFECTIVELY DEAL’T WITH SO AS TO ERADICATE THE EVIL OF CORRUPTION & VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS PLAGUEING THE INDIAN POLICE FORCE IN THE INTEREST OF THE “AAM AADMI”, HUMANITY & THE NATION & ABOVE ALL OUR FUTURE GENERATIONS.