Court Procedure Reforms

Sanjeev Goyal

The courts in India are over burdened with the cases and so is the feeling of public due to delay in justice and the long process of courts. Attending court on the date of hearing in itself is not less than a challenge. In Delhi alone there would be hundreds of judicial & quasi judicial courts conducted daily. Every ‘date’ in every court impacts hundreds of people in society including court staff, public at large, lawyers, police and other Govt. departments & many more. The office goers plan their leave, business man make alternate arrangement to reach court in time, lawyers manage between various courts – all with the hope that some progress will take place which shall push their case one inch towards justice. But all this planning, preparation & hope shatters after reaching court to only know that judge is on leave. This huge wastage of time & efforts, travelling in over-crowded public transport, jostling for space on roads besides having a social cost generates nothing but dis-appointment. This is primarily a proof of inefficient system indicating that a lot of scope is there for improvement.

The point is – now with so much of technological up-gradation making ‘leave’ information available in advance is not a big deal. If a portal can be created to inform the public about leave schedule of different judges – would save a lot of hassles to common man. Leave intimation as early as even only few hours before the court time can have huge relief. Since judges like any other public servant are eligible for different kind of leave which can be availed with prior sanction – this should be very much feasible.

(2) The hearing time allotted by courts is on standard parameter of 10.30 am. This is a very old system and leading to huge waste of time of public – calling all the people at same time serves no purpose. This not only concentrates the crowd in court & transport system but also leads to avoidable waste of time. In olden days courts were not so burdened neither people were too occupied so system would have worked fine, but now time is the only scarcity in life and there is no reason to not to make efforts avoid wastage of it. It is felt that cases in any court can be divided in at least 2/3 different tranches on a single day and some differentiation on timings can be done. If not proportionally equal – some different time can be allotted to 2 different lots e.g. first lot of cases can be called at 10.00 am and second lot be given the time of 12.15 pm or any other similar combination can work.

Both the above 2 points are applicable to all public authority having summoning powers to conduct hearing like Tax Authorities, Tribunals etc. and addressing these only requires a very little efforts to put a system in place. Counting country as whole above 2 inefficiencies are responsible for enormous waste of time & energy of public & system.